The Fram Expedition
1910 - 1912
Roald Amundsen had made his name by being the first person to sail through the Northwest Passage, in 1905. But his quest for adventure drew him towards the North Pole. In 1907 he borrowed a ship called the Fram, from fellow Arctic explorer Fridtjof Nansen. Amundsen was meticulous in planning his expedition towards the North Pole. He was finalizing his arrangements when, in 1909, news broke across the world that the American, Robert Peary, had reached the North Pole.
Not content with being the second person to reach the North Pole, Amundsen altered his destination. He secretly planned to be the first to the South Pole, telling only three of his closest associates. It was public knowledge that Captain Robert Scott was arranging his second attempt on the South Pole. Amundsen even kept the secret from Nansen, fearing he would refuse to allow him to use the Fram, as Nansen was also planning an expedition south.
Roald Amundsen set sail on 10th August 1910, with only four of his crew aware of their true destination. Once they reached Madeira, Amundsen broke the news to his crew; they were heading south. He also sent a telegram to Captain Robert Scott which read, ‘Beg leave to inform you Fram proceeding Antarctic. Amundsen.’