To many foreigners ‘Norway’ is the synonym for ‘fjords’. Norway has the highest concentration of fjords in the world, all the way from the Oslofjord in the southeast to East-Finnmark near the northeastern Russian boarder.
But what is a fjord? The fjords formed when the glaciers of the Ice Age retreated and seawater over 4,000-feet deepflooded the U-shaped valleys. The fjords cut in in from the sea through steep mountains over6,500 feet tall and creating lush, fertile soil along the shore. Due to the Gulf Stream, they are virtually ice free – and all ready for you to explore them.
Sometimes the fjord is so narrow thatwhen the ship sails into it, you can touch the mountainside with your fingertips from the deck — but only if you travel with Hurtigruten, that is, sincethe bigger cruise lines will not get in the narrowest fjords.
Mountainside farms and wildlife
The fjords’ beautiful surroundings include mountainside farms where ladders are a part of the original paths, small charming villages, seals, porpoises, an abundance of fish swimming in the water, and eagles and other birds looking down from above.
Geirangerfjord, Nerøyfjord, and Trollfjord
The most famous fjordsare found on the western coast and in Northern Norway. Geirangerfjord and Nerøyfjordin the west are on the UNESCO World Heritage Site list, with their alpine mountains, waterfalls, and lush villagesparading their fruit trees. In the north the Trollfjord is among one of the most fascinating fjords, and at only 238-feet-wide,one of the narrowest.